The other day had me sharing a cold, congealed chicken salad for lunch with Bill Clinton’s Secretary of Labor, Robert Reich, at San Francisco’s posh Fairmont Hotel. We covered a wide range of market impacting topics, which I have summarized below. A Rhodes Scholar who dated Hillary Clinton at Yale, ran for governor of Massachusetts, and authored 13 books, Bob is never without an original thought, nor a stranger to controversy. Today he didn’t disappoint.
There is also a new form of protectionism that has emerged under the guise of competitive currency devaluations, where counties printing paper money are racing to the bottom. This will eventually force a revaluation of the Chinese Yuan (CYB), and there’s nothing the Chinese can do to stop it.
A US GDP that is 71% dependent on consumer spending is unsustainable, since they can no longer afford it, can’t get credit, no longer have a personal ATM in the form of home equity loans, are worried about losing their jobs, suffer under a huge debt burden, and are now unexpectedly having to save more for their retirement since their houses have dropped in value by half.
The Obama administration committed a major error by devoting one third of its massive $870 billion stimulus program to tax cuts, which in this environment, will get saved, not spent. You might as well have buried the money in your back yard.
The TARP money, while succeeding in rescuing the financial system, only ended up in Treasury bills, and never made it to Main Street. This is what the public is irate about. The loopholes in the new Dodd-Frank financial regulations are big enough for bankers to drive their Ferraris through. The best way to revive the economy is to give money to the states directly, which, unable to run deficits, and can only cut spending and raise taxes. This will create a $350 billion drag on the economy during 2010-2011, in effect an “anti-stimulus” that cancels out a third of the federal government’s reflationary efforts.
I took two of Bob’s economics classes at UC Berkeley, and know too well his wry humor, acid wit, and preference for backing up arguments with mountains of empirical data. Entering students are obliged to buy 400 pages of photocopied charts, tables, and other raw data about the labor market, which they are expected to commit to memory by the end of the semester. These are not basket weaving classes.
Bob warned me not to take his investment advice, as he bought his home in Berkeley at the 2006 market top, just before it dropped in value by half. On top of that he has had to eat two back-to-back 10% cuts in his Berkeley professor’s salary forced on him by drastic state budget cutbacks. UC Berkeley is the crown jewel of public education, but the state has little choice but to starve it to death. This is not good for the long-term future of the Golden State, which has to create the educated class to earn the wealth to pay the taxes.
The real kicker of the lunch was Bob’s forecast that unemployment will remain stubbornly high a year from now. This is going to be a big problem for the Democrats in the next election cycle. The jobs that have been exported to China or replaced by machines aren’t coming back. Because of the arcane way in which the surveys are conducted, someone who isn’t looking for work isn’t counted. But when the economy starts to improve, when they do start to look, they are newly counted as jobless, causing the politically sensitive figure to shoot up.
To avoid this trap, it is better to look at the Payroll Survey released on the first Friday of each month, which gives a much more accurate read on the economy. Even still, with the average workweek at a low 34.5 hours, employers will make their existing staff work longer hours before they hire anyone new. (Click here for the Bureau of Labor Statistics website.)
As we parted company, Bob left me on an upbeat note. “The good news is that the Great Recession of 2008-2009 is over. That’s because it’s now 2013.”